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The SEAS Building Ontology

The SEAS Building ontology describes a taxonomy of buildings, building spaces, and rooms.

Some categorizations are based on the energy efficiency related to their insulation etc., although the actual values for classes depend the country specific regulations and geographical locations.

Other categorizations are based on occupancy and activities. There is no single accepted categorization available. This taxonomy uses some types selected from:

  • International building occupancy based categories (USA)
  • The Classification of Types of Constructions (EU)
  • Finnish building categorization VTJ2000 (Finland)
  • Wikipedia category page for Rooms: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Rooms

This ontology should limit the overlap with the following existing specialized ontologies:

Classes

AssemblyBuilding

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/AssemblyBuilding

places used for people gathering for entertainment, worship, and eating or drinking. Examples: churches, restaurants.

Attic

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Attic

the part of a building, especially of a house, directly under a roof; garret.

  • sub class of: Room

Balcony

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Balcony

An accessible structure extending from a building, especially outside a window.

Basement

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Basement

A story of a building, partly or wholly underground.

  • sub class of: Room

Bathroom

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Bathroom

Bathroom is mainly used for bathing & washing up related activities.

  • sub class of: Room

Bedroom

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Bedroom

Bedroom is used mainly for sleeping.

  • sub class of: Room

Building

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Building

Buildings are roofed constructions which can be used separately, have been built for permanent purposes, can be entered by persons and are suitable or intended for protecting persons, animals or objects.

BuildingSpace

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/BuildingSpace

A Space is a 3D volume bounded by surfaces. According to the FIEMSER definition, a building space in SAREF defines the physical spaces of the building.

Building Space Connection

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/BuildingSpaceConnection

Connection between two building spaces, where they may potentially exchange heat, humidity, agents.

Building Space Frontier

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/BuildingSpaceFrontier

Surface that marks the frontier of a building space, and represents the connection point to other building spaces.

BuildingSpatialStructure

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/BuildingSpatialStructure

A man made structure with spatial properties.

BuildingStorey

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/BuildingStorey

The storey represents a (nearly) horizontal aggregation of spaces that are vertically bound.

Ceiling

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Ceiling

Ceiling is a downwards tilted horizontal surface.

CivilEngnineeringWork

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/CivilEngineeringWork

Civil engineering works are all constructions not classified under buildings : railways, roads, bridges, highways, airport runways, dams etc.

Closed Building Space Connection

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/ClosedBuildingSpaceConnection

A closed building space connection is a closed connection between two building spaces.

This separation may for instance be a wall, i.e., a (tilted more than 60 percent) vertical surface.

Instances of seas:ClosedBuildingSpaceConnection may be typed by classes from specialized building ontologies.

Construction

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Construction

Constructions are structures connected with the ground which are made of construction materials and components and/or for which construction work is carried out.

  • sub class of: Zone

Corridor

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Corridor

A gallery or passage connecting parts of a building; hallway.

Dining Room

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/DiningRoom

A room in which meals are eaten, as in a home or hotel, especially the room in which the major or more formal meals are eaten.

  • sub class of: Room

Door

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Door

the large flat piece of wood, glass etc that you move when you go into or out of a building, room, vehicle etc, or when you open a cupboard (Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Online)

EducationalBuilding

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/EducationalBuilding

Schools and day care centers.

Elevator

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Elevator

Elevator is used to transport people between different floors.

  • sub class of: Room

Floor

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Floor

A floor is a upwards tilted horzontal surface, could be divided to interior, exposed (outside) or raised floor.

Garage

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Garage

Room for garage.

  • sub class of: Room

Greenhouse

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Greenhouse

A building, room, or zone, usually chiefly of glass, in which the temperature is maintained within a desired range, used for cultivating tender plants or growing plants out of season.

Hall

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Hall

A large entrance room of a house or building.

HolidayBuilding

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/HolidayBuilding

A secondary residential building used only occasionally during vacations such as a summerhouse or cottage.

Tree house

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/HomeOffice

A work or office space set up in a person’s home and used exclusively for business on a regular basis.

IndustrialBuilding

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/IndustrialBuilding

Buildings used for industrial production, e.g. factories, workshops, slaughterhouses, breweries, assembly plants, etc.

InstitutionalBuilding

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/InstitutionalBuilding

Institutions such as hospitals providing medical and surgical treatment and nursing care for ill or injured people.

Kitchen

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Kitchen

Kitchen is a room used mainly for cooking and possibly eating.

  • sub class of: Room

Laundry

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Laundry

A room or zone, as in a home or apartment building, reserved for doing the family wash.

  • sub class of: Room

Living Room

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/LivingRoom

Living Room is the main room of daytime activity.

  • sub class of: Room

Lobby

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Lobby

An entrance hall, corridor, or vestibule, as in a public building, often serving as an anteroom; foyer.

LowEnergyHouse

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/LowEnergyHouse

A house typically consuming half the energy than a norm house.

MercantileBuilding

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/MercantileBuilding

Places where goods are displayed and sold. Examples: grocery stores, department stores, and gas stations.

NonResidentalBuilding

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/NonResidentalBuilding

A non-residential building is a building at least half of which is used for other than residential purposes.

NormHouse

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/NormHouse

A building fulfilling the minimal criteria for energy efficiency.

Office

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Office

A room, set of rooms, or building where the business of a commercial or industrial organization or of a professional person is conducted.

  • sub class of: Room

BusinessBuilding

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/OfficeBuilding

Places where services are provided. Examples: banks, insurance agencies.

OneDwellingBuilding

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/OneDwellingBuilding

Detached house.

Open Building Space Connection

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/OpenBuildingSpaceConnection

An open building space connection is a connection between two building spaces that is open.

This connection may for instance be a hole in a wall, or a virtual separation between two offices in an open space.

Instances of seas:OpenBuildingSpaceConnection may be typed by classes from specialized building ontologies.

Opennable Building Space Connection

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/OpennableBuildingSpaceConnection

An opennable building space connection is a connection between two building spaces that has a certain degree of openness.

This connection may for instance be a window or a door.

Instances of seas:OpennableBuildingSpaceConnection may be typed by classes from specialized building ontologies.

PassiveHouse

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/PassiveHouse

A house typically consuming a quarter of the energy than a norm house.

PlusEnergyBuilding

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/PlusEnergyBuilding

A net plus-energy building is a building that over a year does generates more energy than it uses.

PowerplantBuilding

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/PowerplantBuilding

Places housing any type of a power plants.

ResidentalBuilding

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/ResidentalBuilding

A residential building is a building at least half of which is used for residential purposes.

Roof

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Roof

A (tilted more than 60 percent) vertical surface that separates building spaces.

Room

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Room

A room in a building space enclosed by surfaces, this could also be modelled as role of space, not subclass of the space itself.

Sauna

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Sauna

Sauna is a special type bathroom for enjoying heated steam.

  • sub class of: Room

SiteOfBuilding

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/SiteOfBuilding

Building site is a locale containing one or more separate buildings. They are zones.

SmallHouse

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/SmallHouse

A detached small residential building.

Stairs

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Stairs

A construction designed to bridge a large vertical distance by dividing it into smaller vertical distances, called steps.

StorageBuilding

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/StorageBuilding

Places where items are stored. Examples: warehouses, reservoirs and silos.

Storage Room

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/StorageRoom

Room for storage.

  • sub class of: Room

Swimming Pool

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Sunroom

A structure, either attached or integrated into a building, which allows enjoyment of the surrounding landscape while being sheltered from adverse weather.

  • sub class of: Room

Swimming Pool

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/SwimmingPool

A tank or large artificial basin, as of concrete, for filling with water for swimming.

  • sub class of: Room

Tree House

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/TreeHouse

A small house, especially one for children to play in, built or placed up in the branches of a tree.

Utility Room

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/UtilityRoom

Room for other special utilities and hobbies.

  • sub class of: Room

Wall

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Wall

A roof upwards tilted surface tilted up part of upper envelope of building.

Window

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Window

a space or an zone of glass in the wall of a building or vehicle that lets in light (Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Online)

Yard

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/Yard

A small usually walled and often paved zone open to the sky and adjacent to a building.

ZeroEnergyBuilding

IRI: https://w3id.org/seas/ZeroEnergyBuilding

A net zero-energy building (ZEB) is a building that over a year does not use more energy than it generates.