The SEAS Building ontology describes a taxonomy of buildings, building spaces, and rooms.
Some categorizations are based on the energy efficiency related to their insulation etc., although the actual values for classes depend the country specific regulations and geographical locations.
Other categorizations are based on occupancy and activities. There is no single accepted categorization available. This taxonomy uses some types selected from:
This ontology should limit the overlap with the following existing specialized ontologies:
places used for people gathering for entertainment, worship, and eating or drinking. Examples: churches, restaurants
sub class of: NonResidentalBuilding
the part of a building, especially of a house, directly under a roof; garret.
An accessible structure extending from a building, especially outside a window.
A story of a building, partly or wholly underground.
Bathroom is mainly used for bathing & washing up related activities.
Buildings are roofed constructions which can be used separately, have been built for permanent purposes, can be entered by persons and are suitable or intended for protecting persons, animals or objects.
A Space is a 3D volume bounded by surfaces. According to the FIEMSER definition, a building space in SAREF defines the physical spaces of the building.
Connection between two building spaces, where they may potentially exchange heat, humidity, agents.
Surface that marks the frontier of a building space, and represents the connection point to other building spaces.
A man made structure with spatial properties
The storey represents a (nearly) horizontal aggregation of spaces that are vertically bound
Ceiling is a downwards tilted horizontal surface
Civil engineering works are all constructions not classified under buildings : railways, roads, bridges, highways, airport runways, dams etc.
A closed building space connection is a closed connection between two building spaces.
This separation may for instance be a wall, i.e., a (tilted more than 60 percent) vertical surface.
Instances of seas:ClosedBuildingSpaceConnection may be typed by classes from specialized building ontologies.
Constructions are structures connected with the ground which are made of construction materials and components and/or for which construction work is carried out.
A gallery or passage connecting parts of a building; hallway.
A room in which meals are eaten, as in a home or hotel, especially the room in which the major or more formal meals are eaten.
the large flat piece of wood, glass etc that you move when you go into or out of a building, room, vehicle etc, or when you open a cupboard (Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Online)
Schools and day care centers.
Elevator is used to transport people between different floors.
A floor is a upwards tilted horzontal surface, could be divided to interior, exposed (outside) or raised floor.
A building, room, or zone, usually chiefly of glass, in which the temperature is maintained within a desired range, used for cultivating tender plants or growing plants out of season.
A large entrance room of a house or building.
A secondary residential building used only occasionally during vacations such as a summerhouse or cottage.
A work or office space set up in a person’s home and used exclusively for business on a regular basis.
Buildings used for industrial production, e.g. factories, workshops, slaughterhouses, breweries, assembly plants, etc.
Institutions such as hospitals providing medical and surgical treatment and nursing care for ill or injured people
Kitchen is a room used mainly for cooking and possibly eating.
A room or zone, as in a home or apartment building, reserved for doing the family wash.
Living Room is the main room of daytime activity.
An entrance hall, corridor, or vestibule, as in a public building, often serving as an anteroom; foyer.
A house typically consuming half the energy than a norm house.
Places where goods are displayed and sold. Examples: grocery stores, department stores, and gas stations.
A non-residential building is a building at least half of which is used for other than residential purposes.
A building fulfilling the minimal criteria for energy efficiency.
A room, set of rooms, or building where the business of a commercial or industrial organization or of a professional person is conducted.
Places where services are provided. Examples: banks, insurance agencies
An open building space connection is a connection between two building spaces that is open.
This connection may for instance be a hole in a wall, or a virtual separation between two offices in an open space.
Instances of seas:OpenBuildingSpaceConnection may be typed by classes from specialized building ontologies.
An opennable building space connection is a connection between two building spaces that has a certain degree of openness.
This connection may for instance be a window or a door.
Instances of seas:OpennableBuildingSpaceConnection may be typed by classes from specialized building ontologies.
A house typically consuming a quarter of the energy than a norm house.
A net plus-energy building is a building that over a year does generates more energy than it uses.
Places housing any type of a power plants
A residential building is a building at least half of which is used for residential purposes.
A (tilted more than 60 percent) vertical surface that separates building spaces.
A room in a building space enclosed by surfaces, this could also be modelled as role of space, not subclass of the space itself.
Sauna is a special type bathroom for enjoying heated steam.
Building site is a locale containing one or more separate buildings.
A detached small residential building
A construction designed to bridge a large vertical distance by dividing it into smaller vertical distances, called steps.
Places where items are stored. Examples: warehouses, reservoirs and silos.
A structure, either attached or integrated into a building, which allows enjoyment of the surrounding landscape while being sheltered from adverse weather.
A tank or large artificial basin, as of concrete, for filling with water for swimming.
A small house, especially one for children to play in, built or placed up in the branches of a tree.
Room for other special utilities and hobbies.
A roof upwards tilted surface tilted up part of upper envelope of building.
a space or an zone of glass in the wall of a building or vehicle that lets in light (Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Online)
A small usually walled and often paved zone open to the sky and adjacent to a building.